Passover: The True Meaning Behind The Last Supper

26 January 2024
Passover The True Meaning Behind The Last Supper

What is the way to eternal life? Most Christians would typically answer that “Jesus is the way, the truth and the life”. Which is very true, however that very Savior Jesus Christ specifically emphasized that the Passover is the way to eternal life for all mankind. Many people know about or have heard about Leonardo da Vinci’s famous painting, namely, “The Last Supper”, which depicts Jesus’ last supper with His twelve disciples the night before His crucifixion. Though most people know it simply as the last supper; beyond the title given to this renowned painting lies a valuable and precious truth that God established for those who wish to become His people, that is, the Passover.

Whose Command is it to Keep the Passover?

Leviticus 23:4-5 “These are the LORD’s appointed festivals, the sacred assemblies you are to proclaim at their appointed times: The LORD’s Passover begins at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month.”

Exodus 12:10-14 “…Eat it in haste; it is the LORD’s Passover…and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt. This is a day you are to commemorate; for the generations to come you shall celebrate it as a festival to the LORD—a lasting ordinance.”

As seen in the Old Testament, it was the LORD’s command to the Israelites to celebrate the Passover at twilight on the 14th day of the first month according to the sacred calendar through which they were freed from slavery in Egypt and led to Canaan the land of freedom. In the New Testament the very same God came to this earth in the flesh as Jesus Christ and commanded us to keep the Passover so that we could be freed from sin and death on this earth and be led to enter the spiritual Canaan, the Kingdom of Heaven.

Matthew 26:17-19 On the first day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread, the disciples came to Jesus and asked, “Where do you want us to make preparations for you to eat the Passover?” He replied, “… I am going to celebrate the Passover with my disciples at your house.” So the disciples did as Jesus had directed them and prepared the Passover.

God’s Gift Found in the Passover

Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin is death…

Human beings are destined to die because of sin however, through the precious blood of Christ humankind can be forgiven of their sins and live forever.

Ephesians 1:7 In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, in accordance with the riches of God’s grace…

John 6:53-54 Jesus said to them, “Very truly I tell you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise them up at the last day.”

Then how are the flesh and blood of  Jesus, that grant people the gift of the forgiveness of sins and eternal life, connected to the Passover?

1 Corinthians 5:7 …For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.

This means that those who hope for the blessing of eternal life and the forgiveness of sins as God’s children are to celebrate the Passover, because Jesus represents the Passover lamb that was sacrificed in the time of Moses. In other words, Jesus’ flesh and blood that grants salvation is found in the Passover.

Matthew 26:17-19, 26-28 On the first day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread, the disciples came to Jesus and asked, “Where do you want us to make preparations for you to eat the Passover?” He replied, “… I am going to celebrate the Passover with my disciples at your house.” So the disciples did as Jesus had directed them and prepared the Passover…While they were eating, Jesus took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to his disciples, saying, “Take and eat; this is my body.” Then he took a cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you. This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.”

The above verse shows that the Passover bread and wine represent Christ’s flesh and blood through which we can receive the forgiveness of sins and eternal life. Additionally, God promises protection from disasters to His people who keep the Passover with faith and obedience.

Exodus 12:13 “The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt.”

Passover, God’s Will for His Children

In both the Old and New Testament times, God commanded His people to keep the Passover, meaning in this age too it is the will of God for the Passover to be kept by those who obey Him and have hope for heaven.

Matthew 7:21 “Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven.”

Jesus’ burning heart to keep the Passover, on the night before His suffering on the cross, was His eagerness to make known His last will  to His children who keep His commandments, that they may become eternal beings who can enter the kingdom of Heaven.

Luke 22:15, 19-20 And he said to them, “I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer…And he took bread,…“This is my body given for you; do this in remembrance of me.”…he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you.”

John 6:53-54 Jesus said to them, “Very truly I tell you…Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life…”

“The Last Supper” by Leonardo da Vinci is known by most simply as the last meal Jesus had with his disciples before His suffering on the cross. However, the valuable meaning behind this masterpiece is the precious will of God to lead His children to the way of eternal life through the Passover. In this age, only the World Mission Society Church of God keeps the Biblical Passover. Come to the Church which God established to celebrate the Passover and to receive abundant blessings!